Volume 9, Issue 18 (2023)                   QHTS 2023, 9(18): 1-33 | Back to browse issues page

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raisi M, nafisi S. A critique on the translations of the condition structure in verse 3 of Surah al-Nisāʼ Based on the structural approach. QHTS 2023; 9 (18) :1-33
URL: http://qhts.modares.ac.ir/article-10-64754-en.html
1- University of Tehran
2- University of Tehran , shadinafisi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (833 Views)
The relationship between the condition "If you fear that you may not maintain justice with orphan girls" and the answer "Then marry women of your choice – two, three, or four" in the al-Nisāʼ/3 is one of the interpretative challenges which caused many translation differences. This condition structure has 7 different translations, focusing on the equivalences of "women, desirable women, orphaned and non-orphaned women, orphan mothers, mature women, women fit in with justice and non-orphan women In the meantime, a criterion for preferring and criticizing translations is needed to have the power to understand and analyze interpretive votes because of the dependence of translation on interpretation. To this aim, was used the analytical-descriptive and Surah’s structural analysis method, in which the Surah is as an intertwined network of different topics with focusing on the contexts. . By this criterion, the seventh species is chosen as the selected translation and can be presented as follows: "If you are afraid that you will not treat orphans in installments, marry women (other than orphans) in two, three and four." Therefore, the crucial achievement of this paper can be considered as providing an in-textual criterion for illuminating the proposed translations for the text of the Qur'an. Therefore, using the verse, context, chapter, surah structures and its intention is the basis for evaluating translations and providing correct translation. Implementation of this method of translation criticism on long Sura al-Nisāʼ in the present study will be an example to prove the constructive effect on criticism and preference of translations throughout the Qur'an.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2022/10/11 | Accepted: 2023/01/15 | Published: 2023/03/1

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