Volume 8, Issue 15 (2021)                   QHTS 2021, 8(15): 30-62 | Back to browse issues page

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mohamad ali nejad omran R, Oveysi K, dehghani F. The use of semantics in translating the article "Nafaq" in the Holy Quran. QHTS 2021; 8 (15) :30-62
URL: http://qhts.modares.ac.ir/article-10-47657-en.html
1- Department of Quranic and Hadith Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University , alinejad@atu.ac.ir
2- Department of Quran and Texts, University of Islamic Studies
3- Quran and Hadith Department, Sabzevar University
Abstract:   (2388 Views)
One of the means of translating the Quran is to pay attention to the origin of the meaning of the words of the verses, which paves the way for explaining the meaning of the text. To understand the main words in the verses, the principle of basic meaning, etymology and its meaning in different contexts should be considered. One of the most frequent words in the Holy Quran is the words taken from the article "Nafaq" in a way that for finding an equivalence, the two words "charity" and "hypocrite" are always considered independent due to semantic distance and positive and negative emotional connotation because of not paying attention to the derivation from the principle of matter, and they show the meanings away from the basic meaning. The present research seeks to answer the questions in a descriptive-analytical method, what semantic course has the article "Nafaq" gone through and what components has it in this course? And what is the semantic relationship between the derivatives of this article? The findings of the research indicate that in pre-Islamic Arabic texts and their common scientific language, the word "Nafaq" was used in the meaning of "hole". The Holy Quran created a special culture for the meaning of this word and based on meanings of the hole and the rift, the three words "hypocrite", "charity" and "alimony" has been conceptualized from the article "Nafaq". The difference is that in Quran and in the light of the prototype view, the meanings of "Nafaq" are more limited and it is used in the two areas of charity and spending wealth, as well as hypocrisy and duplicity in beliefs. Based on the original prototype in the scientific language, these meanings have been illustrated and conceptualized in a way that it is necessary for the translators to pay attention to these conceptualizations in the translation of the Quran.
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2020/11/14 | Accepted: 2021/02/13 | Published: 2021/05/31

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