Volume 7, Issue 14 (2021)                   QHTS 2021, 7(14): 191-218 | Back to browse issues page

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Mazraee Farahani M R, Esmaeelizadeh A, Iravany Najafi M. Investigating the possibility of possessive to be subject in phrase "Zikr Allah" in verse 28th of sura al-Ra'd and analyzing the opinions of commentators and translators about it. QHTS 2021; 7 (14) :191-218
URL: http://qhts.modares.ac.ir/article-10-41072-en.html
1- PhD student at Quran and Hadith Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2- Associate Professor at Department of Quran and Hadith Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , esmaeelizadeh@um.ac.ir
3- Professor at Department of Quran and Hadith Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Abstract:   (2054 Views)
A syntactic structure that plays an important role in understanding the Holy Quran is infinitive as being mudãf (annexed to another noun). Among the grammatical roles that the infinitive can annex to, are subject and object. Sometimes there is a discrepancy in whether the infinitive is added to the subject or the object. In this article, one example of this syntactic structure is examined; the annexation of "Zikr" to the majestic word "Allah", in verse 28 of surah al-Ra'd. In order to reach a conclusion, after the literal review of the word "Zikr", the opinions of the commentators have been categorized and analyzed. Then 20 important translations of the verse 28th of surah al-Ra'd have been studied. The vast majority of commentators and translators believe that in that phrase, "Allah" is object. In the continuation of the article, arguments are presented to prove that "Allah" can be subject. Then the meaning of remembrance of servants by Allah is explained. The author argues that in the phrase "Zikr Allah" we can also deal with the possessive as subject and from this point of view, significant concepts were obtained. Of course, in the phrase, assuming the possessive as subject does not mean that it cannot be object; but it simultaneously can assume subject and object.
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2020/02/29 | Accepted: 2020/11/16 | Published: 2021/03/16

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