Volume 6, Issue 12 (2020)                   QHTS 2020, 6(12): 225-260 | Back to browse issues page

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Azar Shab M A, maleki M, Asadollahi L. Adapting and evaluating the translations of the Holy Quran by Fooladvand and Elahi Qomshei Based on the Garces pattern (Case Study:Surah Mubarak Al-Qamar). QHTS. 2020; 6 (12) :225-260
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-10-38250-en.html
1- Department of Arabic Language and Literature, tehran univercity
2- University of Tehran , m2006_maleki@yahoo.com
3- University of Tehran
Abstract:   (1502 Views)

There are several patterns in the quality evaluation and critique of the Holy Quran translations, which among them the Garces pattern take more angles of translation critique. This pattern is based on the principle of equality between source and destination text and it considers in four levels of semantic - lexical, syntax - inflectional, discursive - functional, and stylistic-practical. This research aims to study and critique translation of the Holy Quran by Elahi Qomshei and Fooladvand based on the four principals of the Garces pattern with descriptive-analytical method. The results show that in the semantic - word semantic level in translation of Fooladvand the semantic extension is more and in the translation of Elahi Ghamshei seen more evident in the divine translation of meaning, semantic ambiguity, and more explanation. There are more incorrections in term of the gramatical- syntactic level in the translation of Fooladvand and structure shift is observed more in the Ghomshei translation. In term of the discursive – functional level change of verses is same in both of Fooladvand and Ghomshei translation and also  change due to  the social and cultural differences has more seen in Folladvand translation. The change of rhetorical industries is observed more at the stylistic-practical cognitive level in Elahi Qhomshei translation.Thus, the rate of increase in the translation of Elahi Qomshei is greater, and the rate of reduction in the translation of Foladvand is more founded and generally based on the Garces pattern the negative features is founded more than the positive one in both of translations.

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Received: 2019/11/18 | Accepted: 2020/02/1 | Published: 2020/03/13

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