Volume 8, Issue 15 (2021)                   QHTS 2021, 8(15): 1-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Mostafaei M, Salmanzadeh J. A new analysis of the lexical and interpretive meaning of the singular word "Halū’a" in the Qur'an. QHTS. 2021; 8 (15) :1-29
URL: http://qhts.modares.ac.ir/article-10-49297-en.html
1- Assistant Professor Department of Qur'an and Hadith StudiesCollege of Theology and Islamic StudiesThe University of Hakim Sabzevari , m.mostafaei@hsu.ac.ir
2- Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Qur'an and Hadith StudiesCollege of Theology and Islamic StudiesThe University of Hakim Sabzevari
Abstract:   (1623 Views)
The singular word "halū’a" in the Qur'an (Ma'arij/ 19), according to some commentators, and as it appears from different lexical and interpretive opinions, is one of the strange and difficult words to understand in the Qur'an, which its definition as "jazū’a" and "manū’a" in the next two verses has neglected scientists to accurately capture its meaning. The first goal of this research was to discover the main meaning of the "hala’a" and its various manifestations through lexical studies. The main question is how "halū’a" is related to "jaza’a" and "man’a", especially in their exaggerated form. The two well-known meanings and interpretations of halū’a, as "intensity of impatient" and "intensity of greed", fail to establish this connection. The present study by descriptive and analytic method clarifies that the central meaning of halū’a is "emptiness of the source from strength" which is accompanied by weakness on the one hand and on the other hand it appears in two branches: "lightness" and "severe hunger". Each of these is accompanied by a kind of restlessness and movement and in the presence of accelerating factors, various manifestations of speed, seriousness, exaggeration, etc. are manifested in this substance. In the Qur'an, halū’a is used for an anxious person devoid of faith, and refers to his exaggerated and intense action to evil and good; It means it has no direct relationship to the meaning of "jaza’a" and "man’a".
 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2021/01/19 | Accepted: 2021/04/9 | Published: 2021/05/31

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