Volume 7, Issue 14 (2021)                   QHTS 2021, 7(14): 1-34 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of English Language, Parand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Parand, Iran. , eslami_paranduniv@yahoo.com
2- Islamic Azad University, Parand-Robat Karim Branch
Abstract:   (1963 Views)
In the Holy Qur'an, there are verses which implicitly refer to the scientific subjects and scientific facts. Although the scientific aspects of these verses were unknown at the time of Revelation, the problem now and at this time is that the improper translation cannot reflect the scientific implications and references of the verses- their I’jaz or miraculous nature. The purpose of the present research is to study the English translations of the scientific verses to find if there is a meaningful relation between adequate/ acceptable and explanatory/ non-explanatory translations. To fulfill such end, first the scientific verses were selected based on four authentic exegeses. Next, four translations- Arberry, Irving, Yusuf ali and Saffarzadeh’s English translations- were selected. The aforementioned English translations were analyzed based on Toury’s initial norm of acceptibility and adequacy and an eclectic model of shift (Chesterman and Zahedi). The quality of translating the scientific implications were comparatively assessed in the four selected translations. The results show that Saffarzadeh has used more number of shifts and Yusuf ali, Irving and Arberry stand at the second, third and fourth positions. Based on Toury’s model, Saffarzadeh, Yusuf ali and Irving's translations are acceptable. These translations with more number of shifts, have translated the scientific implications in more number of verses than Arberry who has a more adequate translation. The more acceptable translations of the scientific verses are explanatory and transfer the scientific implications, qualitatively and quantitatively, more precisely and more properly.
 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2020/07/31 | Accepted: 2020/11/22 | Published: 2021/03/16

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